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APPENDIX A                                   147

the carrier for such goods, and as to the rights and immunities
of the carrier in respect of such goods, or his obligation as to
seaworthiness, so far as this stipulation is not contrary to
public policy, or the care or diligence of his servants or agents
in regard to the loading, handling, stowage, carriage, custody,
care, and discharge of the goods carried by sea, provided that
in this case no bill of lading has been or shall be issued and
that the terms agreed shall be embodied in a receipt which
shall be a non-negotiable document and shall be marked as

Any agreement so entered into shall have full legal effect:
Provided that this Article shall not apply to ordinary com-
mercial shipments made in the ordinary course of trade, but
only to other shipments where the character or condition of the
property to be carried or the circumstances, terms and condi-
tions under which the carriage is to be performed, are such as
reasonably to j ustify a special agreement.

Article VII. Limitations on the Application of the Rules
Nothing herein contained shall prevent a carrier or a shipper
from entering into any agreement, stipulation, condition,
reservation or exemption as to the responsibility and liability
of the carrier or the ship for the loss or damage to or in connec-
tion with the custody and care and handling of goods prior
to the loading on and subsequent to the discharge from the
ship on which the goods are carried by sea.

Article VIII.   Limitation of Liability

The provisions of these Rules shall not affect the rights and
obligations of the carrier under any statute for the time being
in force relating to the limitation of the liability of owners of
seagoing vessels.

Article IX

The monetary units mentioned in these Rules are to be
taken to be gold value.